Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow.
Natural stone, Jindagi ke saath bhi,
Or Jindagi ke bad bhi
Marble is one of the most elegant flooring materials you can choose for your kitchen. All-natural, it is harvested from the belly of a mountain in great slabs of stone, which are then sliced down and refined into the individual tiles, slabs, and mosaic sheets that are used in standard construction processes, including floor and wall tiles, and countertop slabs
The Glamour of Natural Stones
Taj Mahal to Modern construction, Hotels, Hospitals, Home, Villa, Projects everywhere you can see Natural Stone, Marble, Granite stones is the first choice from yesterday Today and tomorrow.
Stone is one of the most used materials in the construction industry. Most building materials over time lose their initial quality and their strength resists, but the rock is a component of materials that overtime does not have any effect on it and always maintains its natural level.
For many centuries, Interior designers and architects are beginning to incorporate the concept of ‘aging in place’ into their plans and many are finding natural stone is a great way to soften the look of the space while creating accessible environments for everyone.
While the long-awaited construction boom in India is nowhere on the horizon, there is some improvement in construction activity in some parts of the vast country. Bangalore and its surrounding area, the National capital region, and some other cities are places where stone people are selling more than before. But there are also thousands of unsold upmarket flats in buildings in major cities like Mumbai and many building companies are in serious financial trouble. A nationwide construction boom is still some years away
Pietra Grey Marble Block IranPietra Grey Marble BlockPietra Grey Block
Today, the stone is used both in building and interior decoration. The durability and longevity of this material are very high, and most of the buildings made with rocks will remain for many years to come. The rocks are classified into two categories: natural stone and artificial stone.
Natural stone is composed of minerals and the main ingredient is silica. These stones include diorite, quartzite, marble, travertine, granite and the like. Natural stones are found in natural mines on the surface of the earth and are used for the exterior of the building and its interior. These stone has a unique beauty and carries a warm and intimate feeling.
Natural stone tiles
Natural stone tiles & slabs such as Pietra Grey & Onyx are also produced using natural stones, which can be used in many different ways. One of the uses of natural stone tiles, including floors, walls, and decoration, is different parts of the kitchen.
Onyx Esmeralda Wavy Onyx Amber Onyx Pearl 43Onyx Esmeralda
These tiles have been manufactured in a variety of sizes, designs, and colors. The variety of natural stone tiles allows employers to make and use this product according to their needs. The most important advantage of natural stone tiles is that this product has high strength and installation is very easy.
Advantages and Disadvantages Natural stone
These rocks have the advantages and disadvantages of knowing these issues, it can be used transparently to use them.
Natural stone slab
Advantages of Natural stone
- These rocks are found in nature in a wide range of colors and designs, and they have a unique beauty.
Natural stones are thermal insulation and there is no need for any installation
Flexibility and formability on a variety of surfaces are other features of natural stone.
Disadvantages of Natural stone
The weight of the natural stone is heavier than artificial stone, and therefore its use in the building is time-consuming.
Climate and environmental changes affect the texture of the rock and cause cracking, mildew, and dandruff on the surface.
Natural stones are removed from the building’s body due to atmospheric and non-sticking agents over time.
Architectures Made of Natural Stone
Many things we use today were recognized by our ancestors – ages ago. One of them is the natural stones used in building structures. Thanks to them, they recognized the beauty and benefits of stone which are leading modern men to make the most out of it. Even today, the iconic structures of ancient times keep inspiring modern architects and builders. Well, if we look at the use of natural stone in the ancient era, the application spans vary with different factors. Let’s go back into that era to find out some of the most interesting facts on the natural stone!
The Ancient Use of Natural Stone Tells Us Something More!
The use of natural stone in construction was first seen in Egypt around 5000 years ago. After monsoon rains left the Sahara Desert, the landscape gradually changed – resulting in desiccation. This urged people to move towards the Nile River valleys. This is where the Aswan quarries were discovered. Limestone and red and black granite were extracted from the quarries to build structures like obelisks and sarcophagi which lead to the construction of pyramids we see today.
Means Of advertisement
Marble is a natural stone that was recognized for its richness and beauty. Beyond that, it was used to make political statements or as a means of advertisements. The cities of yesterday were occupied with monuments bearing inscriptions on influential people and carvings trying to convey a specific message.
Symbol of prestige
It is widely known that premium quality marble was used as a symbol of prestige by the royal families. For example, the royal families of the Carthaginian Empire used Turkish Marble to build all of their palaces. Besides that, marble was also used as a symbol of love in the case of the Taj Mahal.
Use in flooring
Natural stone is mainly recognized for its durability. This is why they are sighted as the material used in flooring. The pyramids of Giza are one of the oldest examples. With the increasing time span, the application continued to advance. There is a piece of evidence that the Greeks created stone mosaic floors about 3000 years ago. Light-colored stones were used in the flooring that appeared to gleam when exposed to sunlight.
The Most Common Types of Natural Stones Used Centuries Ago
According to the sources, Marble was greatly recognized by the Greek and Roman architects as a rich building material. Marble in a variety of colors and intricate patterns enhance the overall elegance of the structures. As mentioned earlier, the Taj Mahal, in India, is completely built of polished white marble which looks magnificent.
Washington Monument Made of Granite Stone As per the Wesleyan University Geology Department, granite has been applied in construction since the great pyramid of Giza. The stone is being quarried in America since the 19th century. The Washington Monument in Washington DC is majorly made up of granite.
Most of the ancient monuments are built of limestone. The great pyramids of Giza are one of the earliest examples, which are made of limestone blocks, and layered with granite. Another famous example is, The Roman Coliseum built with limestone. Limestone is prone to weathering and erosion when exposed to water and wind. This is perhaps the main reason pyramids casing was done with limestone but were enwrapped with granite for protection.
Sandstone is similar to limestone in composition. Angkor Wet, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Cambodia is fully made up of sandstone. The construction process was so successful that building with sandstone began to be regarded as the “Angkor Wet Style”.
The Drastic Transition In Techniques And Tools
Have you ever thought how were the enormous blocks of stones extracted and transported from quarries to the construction site in ancient times? Well, the Aswan quarries which are still in use in Egypt reveal some techniques. The skilled workmen removed the exterior weathered layers of the stone and then dug a trench around the stone to be cut. The required depth for the trench was measured using a cubit rod. Next, the stone was cut underneath. Possibly, they cleared the pathway on one side to cut the stone and push it out horizontally instead of lifting it. To cut the stone, workers made holes in the stone with a hammer and iron-made chisel and inserted wooden wedges. Now for the transportation, as per the existing sources, Egyptians moved stone blocks on wooden sleds that were dragged by human workers.
Today, old techniques and tools have seen a drastic change. Drilling and blasting have taken over chisels, picks, and hammers. The modern quarries use state-of-the-art technology to cut and transport the natural stones. In fact, the number of workers required has greatly reduced.
Additionally, modern quarry technologies and practices had a reduced amount of energy required to extract natural stones.
How Are Natural Stones Used In Modern Architecture?
The modern architecture has wonderfully changed the way natural stones are applied in construction. As the world is increasingly seeking an eco-friendly approach wherever possible, natural stone has become an icon of sustainability. Hence, it is greatly preferred by modern architects around the world. Today, natural stones are popularly used in facade cladding due to its durable characteristics. They are natural insulators and help in reducing the heating and cooling costs of a property. Their attractive natural surface and unique textures make it perfect for countertops in the kitchen and vanity tops in the bathrooms. Moreover, they are also used in installing floors, patios, and walkways.
Quality Marbles India Occupies a Dominant Space in Natural Stone Industry
Fully Mechanized Infrastructure at Quality Marble India Natural stone quarries is integral components of the ecosystem. Every time dozens of natural stones are quarried from their place, it is sure to change the existing natural landscape. Hence, operating natural stone quarries is a responsible task that involves duty towards our environment and the local community. Quality Marbles India is dedicated and determined to minimize the negative impacts of quarrying. As one of the most influential natural stone manufacturers and suppliers, Quality Marbles India deploys robust sustainability and restoration plans for, after quarrying finishes. The long-established popularity of natural stone shows it will stay in the trend. So, whether you have stone flooring or countertops, don’t forget to clean them regularly. They not just enhance the beauty of your property but also increase its market value. For more knowledge or expertise required in the natural stone area, feel free to contact us!
Marble: one of the main building materials from Antiquity, also used for sculpture. On this page, marble is discussed together with several other types of natural stone and minerals. You will find photos of the main types of marble, various other stones, minerals, and related stones.
The Cycladic idols are among the oldest sculpture made of marble
What we call marble is, essentially, a kind of limestone, which in turn is petrified sediment, deposited hundreds of thousands of years ago. The recognizable characteristic of marble is that it can be made to shine by polishing and the Greek word μάρμαρον means shiny. The ancients also used this word for several types of stone that are not limestone, like granite.
While limestone has been quarried since times immemorial, marble was not often used. Among the exceptions from the Bronze Age are the idols from the Cyclades. The Mycenaean Greeks also used marble, but not very often. To make marble popular, the workers first had to have instruments made of iron. Even then, marble remained rare. Usually, it was quarried for one, specific project. Once the project – which could be an archaic statue or a Classical temple – was finished, no more stones were cut.
Although the Achaemenid kings Darius I the Great and Xerxes ordered several inscriptions in Susa to be written on slabs of marble, the use of this type of stone was essentially a Greek monopoly. Among the various types of Greek marble were
Naxian Naxos From the seventh century
Parian Paros From the sixth century
Thasian Thasos From the sixth century
Proconnesian Marmora From the sixth century BCE
Pentelic Athens From the fifth century
Hymettian Athens From the fifth century
Ephesian Ephesus From the fifth century
Pavonazzetto Docimaean Phrygia From the fourth century
Wall fresco imitating marble panels Pella
In the Hellenistic age, there was sufficient demand for shiny, colored stone to allow for mass production. The courts of the Ptolemaic, Antigonid, Attalid, and Seleucid kings. The palaces of Alexandria, Pella, Pergamum, and Antioch were known for their marble wall decorations. The First Pompeian Style of wall painting, which imitates marble plates, offers an indication of the popularity of the new type of art.
Rome expanded the field. Marble became ubiquitous. The emperor Augustus famously boasted that he had found a city of brick and had left a city covered with marble. Note Other cities followed suit. Ephesus had its main street paved with marble.
It is easy to understand why the shiny stones became so popular. Marble workers Latin: marmorarii could find very large stones with a consistent quality, which were available in several colors and quite easy to work. This type of stone was strong enough to use in monumental buildings, but could also be used to make statues, furniture, or other objects. The use of several polishing techniques allowed the polities to create surfaces that could be very shiny or opaque.
Verde Antico Larisa From the second century
Giallo Antico Numidia From the second century BCE
Cipollino Karystos From the first century BCE
Africano or Lucullan Asia Minor From the first century
Skyros From the first century
Marmor Claudianum Egyptian granite from the first century
Marmor Lunensis Carrara
Porta Santa Chios Late first century
Rosso Antico Mani Peninsula Late first century
Purple Porphyry Egypt First century
Belgian Black Belgica First century CE
A modern marble quarry in Turkey
Every Roman who was proud of his education would recognize these types of stone. When he saw the bright colors of the monumental buildings erected by the emperors, he would understand how large the Roman Empire actually was. In the words of the poet Statius, describing the room in which Domitian served dinner:
The splendid African and Phrygian marbles compete and there are numerous examples of those from Syene and Chios, and they, in turn, compete with the green from Sparta and the white from Luna.note
The main stones
In Medieval and Renaissance Italy, many stones that had in Antiquity been brought to Rome and other cities were reused. The stoneworkers introduced Italian names like Giallo Antico cipollini and pavonazzetto that art historians and archaeologists still use today. Here are the main types.
Cipollino Marble from Karystos Ephesus, Terrace Houses
Rosso Antico Marble from the Mani Peninsula Rome, Palatine
Giallo Antico Marble from Numidia Rome, Palatine
Verde Antico Marble from Thessaly Rome, Palatine
Proconnesian Marble from Marmora Rome, Palatine
Porta Santa Marble from Chios
Africano Lucullan Marble from Asia Minor
Marmor Lunensis Carrara Marble from northwestern Italy
Pavonazzetto or Docimea Marble from Phrygia Ephesus, Terrace Houses
Purple porphyry from Hurghada in Egypt Rome, Palatine
Greco Scritto Marble from Africa Isthmia
Nero Antico Marble from Anatolia Rome, Palatine
Below are several other types of natural stone, marble and other, used in the provinces of the Roman Empire?
Breccia Corallina Marble from Phrygia Isthmia
Alabastro once from the Valley of the Nile
Alabastro a Pecorelli from Africa Rome, Palatine
Veined Marble from Skyros
Bigio Morato Marble from Anatolia Rome, Palatin
Marble from northwestern Italy
Porphyry from the Vosges
Sarrancolin Marble from the Pyrenees
Serpentine from Burgundy
Gabbro from the Alps
Belgian Black Marble
Schist of the Vosges
Violet Breccia from the Pyrenees
Porfido Nero from the Mons Porphyrites in Egypt Rome, Palatine
Granito Rosso or Pink Granite from Aswan in Egypt
Granito del for or Grey Granite from the Mons Claudianus in Egypt Rome, Palatine
Basalt from the Western Desert in Egypt
By D.C. Bhandari, CEO, Bhandari Marble World